Can Social Finance Meet
In a recently co-authored paper
"Can Social Finance Meet Social Need?" Robbie Davison, Director
at CanCook CIC and Helen Heap, an independent social investment
analyst, question whether currently available social finance
models are fit for purpose to fund
community-based social enterprises.
We argue that there is an important and growing gap between the social enterprises that are looking to provide innovative solutions to meet social need and the funders who have the money to finance them.
In the paper we suggest that the social finance market
that is developing today, largely under the influence of
Big Society Capital, is best suited to funding provision of
standardised services by well-established organisations
operating models that have often been proven or adapted in the
public sector. These businesses are able to provide social
investors with a reasonable degree of certainty that they will get
their original capital back at the end of the investment
term, along with regular payments of interest or financial
return while the funds are made available to finance their
activities. As the investors and businesses operating in this
market often have a social purpose there may also be delivery
of social impact in addition to the financial returns
While there is much focus on this kind of provision by large,
financially sustainable and often private sector organisations, in
reality it forms only one part of the overall market for services
to meet social need. Furthermore, currently available forms of
social finance are
usually not suitable for funding the small, early-stage, community-based social enterprises that can provide the most innovative solutions to some of our most intractable social problems. This group is capable of generating substantial social value even before sustainable revenues are generated but the requirement to deliver financial returns from the outset means that the innovative solutions don't get off the ground and the social enterprises providing them are unable to develop into sustainable organisations.
We suggest in the paper that a new type of funding is needed to build a social enterprise from its earliest stages in order to achieve long-term sustainability for the organisation. We call this builder finance. We also argue that grants have a crucial role to play in paying for ongoing service delivery for beneficiaries prior to revenue models being established and proven. Only if these enterprises are supported through a period in which they can develop products and services that meet social need in a financially viable way will they then be able to deliver both social and financial returns and take on the kind of funding that is currently provided by the social finance market.
We ask if there are any investors out there who are prepared to
accept only social returns for an initial period with a high risk
of capital loss, plus the prospect of sustained positive
social and financial returns in the medium and long-term once the organisation achieves financial sustainability.
The absence of genuine risk capital prepared to accept a period
of social returns only is the key gap in the social finance market
that exists today. We urge the Boards of The Big Society Trust and
Big Society Capital to think more creatively and expansively about
important role that they can perform in supporting early stage social enterprises in obtaining the right sort of capital. We would also like to see formation of The Big Society Foundation as soon as possible with a view to it working alongside the philanthropic sector in order to ensure that all parts of the market for social need have the opportunity to have their funding needs met.
The paper is intended to challenge, but most importantly, to stimulate discussion and debate within the social finance market. We are hoping to stir up a lively and important dialogue about social finance and its partnership with social enterprise.
About the Authors
Helen Heap isan independent social investment analyst. She was Social Investment Manager at Tomorrow's People and prior to that Helen spent over 20 years in various financial roles with Abbey Life Investment Services, Goldman Sachs and Sloane Robinson.
the Director at Can Cook CIC and a Board Member of both Social Enterprise North West (SENW), Social Enterprise Network (SEN - Merseyside) and Open Culture. Robbie is a practitioner, with 24 years' experience in developing and leading Social Enterprises.